Subramaniam Duraisamy IT Analyst
The simple reason is a lot of Indians are in demand of good food, fast internet and reliable services like transportation. India is a low-income country where a large chunk of people is from lower middle class and middle class. Their needs are food, clothing, shelter, transport.
I find it amusing that boomers who have not worked in startups in Indian setting blathering irrelevant trope, comparing other countries systems with India. We are a UNIQUE market and we have UNIQUE needs.
By 2019 more than 60% of population has a smartphone. By 2022 the number would be higher.
As an average Indian gains more access to Internet and smartphones, he would want to have a faster delivery of food, cheaper Internet and better services related to transportation. The average user of these applications is not a Warren Buffet or Mark Zuckenberg. His basic needs remain the same. That is what platform based startups aim to solve.
Vivek Tulja Aerospace Engineer/Scientist, Satellite Communication Expert
I am 62 years old as I write this. I have thirteen major innovations to my credit - all during my years in the US. Here is my take.
As I have said many, many times on Quora and elsewhere, India lacks a techno-scientifc culture. Yes, we do occasionally produce a Sir JC Bose or Prof CV Raman or Prof APJ Abdul Kalam, but those are exceptions not the rule.
Amazing innovation requires amazingly smart people, not paper-pushing babu’s whose dream is to become a people manager by age 27 and order people around without adding any value.
正如我在 Quora 和其他地方多次说过的，印度缺乏科技文化。是的，我们确实偶尔会产生JC Bose爵士或CV Raman教授或APJ Abdul Kalam教授，但这些都是例外，而不是常规。
As I have written many, many times on Quora, India has very few real engineers or for that matter, real technocrats in any field. India has lots of people with engineering degrees, and if that qualifies them to be called engineers, then so be it. But per my observation, 99.99% of engineers in India are technical clerks who can perhaps speak the technical language but have no clue about anything more. Throw a serious technical issue in front of them and see for yourself. If you think India is a software superpower, pick a top-notch Indian SW engineer and ask him to design a difficult, innovative algorithm and see what happens.
正如我在 Quora 上多次写到的那样，印度几乎没有真正的工程师，或者说，在任何领域都没有真正的技术专家。印度有很多拥有工程学位的人，如果这使他们有资格被称为工程师，那就这样吧。但根据我的观察，99.99% 的印度工程师是技术人员，他们可能会说技术语言，但对其他事情一无所知。在他们面前抛出一个严肃的技术问题，你就知道了。如果你认为印度是一个软件超级大国，挑选一个顶尖的印度软件工程师，让他设计一个复杂、创新的算法，看看会发生什么。
The most fundamental problem is a serious, serious lack of technology/engineering talent. Let me explain.
I have an 81-years old uncle who is a general surgeon and owns a small hospital in a tier-3 city in India. He still performs surgeries, although not as many as in his younger days. He graduated from medical school in the 1950’s. Medical technology and surgery methods have changed dramatically since then, and he has kept up with them. I see him reading, studying every day for an hour or two to learn new things. He is still, after working in his field for over 55 years, a medical technocrat.
Now, do you know of an Indian engineer, living and working in India, who graduated from a top-notch college, and at age 50, is still working as an engineer and is well versed with three generations of technologies and tools and techniques and methods? I have worked in the technology industry for 34 years, but I am yet to meet one. (Indian engineers working in the US or other countries don’t count.)
Best of Indian engineering graduates either go abroad, or work in banking or consulting. (I jokingly say that IITs should be renamed Indian Institutes of Banking.) If they do happen to take an engineering job, by the time they are 25, they are looking forward to becoming people managers. Many bright engineers also appear for IAS or IES and become paper-pushing bureaucrats. The status symbol for Indian engineers is how quickly they became managers, and how many people report into them - not how many research papers they have written or how many products they have designed or how many patents they have filed.
What I have also observed is that Indian engineers, once they start working, stop reading, stop studying. (Hence the contrasting example of an Indian medical doctor above.) Many seem to think that the way to get ahead in corporate life is by networking, by fraternizing, by playing office politics. I just don’t see many that are discussing technical issues, building up their technical skills, trying to learn from others around them, thinking of innovation. (Everybody is talking about innovation all the time these days, yet there is so little of it in reality.)
Various research labs and product companies in the US (and elsewhere too) employ small armies of highly distinguished engineers that have a vast body of knowledge and experience in their respective fields. How many such people can India boast? Maybe ISRO has a few - like Prof APJ Abdul Kalam but we need 100,000 engineers like Prof Abdul Kalam to have any chance at competing with the big boys.
If you don’t agree with me, just ask yourself this: Why has India not produced a single world class product so far? Never mind airplanes, that is far too hard and takes at least 30–40 years of cumulative experience-building. Does India produce a great car? Does India produce a highly successful software product, like SAP or Salesforce? Great bicycles? Great furniture that is in high demand everywhere?
If we fix this problem, all other challenges will go away. I see this as more of a cultural issue.
美国(以及其他地方)的各种研究实验室和产品公司都雇佣了一小批在各自领域拥有丰富知识和经验的杰出工程师。印度能有多少这样的人？也许印度航天局有一些像 APJ Abdul Kalam 教授这样的工程师，但是我们需要10万名像 Abdul Kalam 教授这样的工程师才有机会和大公司竞争。
如果你不同意我的观点，问问你自己：为什么印度到目前为止还没有生产出一种世界级的产品？更不用说飞机了，这太难了，至少需要30-40年的积累经验。印度能生产出好车吗？印度能生产出像 SAP 或 Salesforce 这样非常成功的软件产品吗？很好的自行车？世界各地都很抢手的好家具？
Sumanth Murthy Lives in The United Kingdom (2021–present)
India is fundamentally a consumer economy for many entrepreneurs and foreign investors who primarily put money into startups. Thus you have a gluttony of startups in Delivery services for food or groceries or cabs or whatever else.
Shashanky Software engineer (INFJ)
Haha when you have 1 billion people competing with each other for jobs and dying to do even basic 5000rs job or less in the name of labor, Where the fuck innovation will come by?????????
And top of that all the startups in India copy ideas implemented somewhere else and then build a app in the name of hotel, transport, food or e commerce and then its all about marketing and fooling VCs to inflate the value of the startup.
In India everyone is trying to cheat others to make more money whether its startups or stocks or anything.
Inventions needs years of research and patience by an investor to profit from it, In India we hardly have good PHDs scholars, the good ones are already in US and Europe.
Mufaddal Rasheed Knowledge seeker
Core Engineering innovation i.e. Creating novel and path breaking complex engineered products ( hardware + software ) requires :
* Long term purpose, vision and strategy
* Lots of Money and time
* Talent to convert problem statements into elegant and complex multi-disciplinary engineered solutions which meets market needs
* Risk taking appetite
* Government support and enabling environment
Getting all of them working in unison is “very difficult” .
Its easier to develop an app for a large section of population which solves a service related problem , it is much less riskier and talent required is minimal .
Whereas developing a new mechatronic system , maybe a new robot requires talented mechanical design engineers , electronics engineers, control engineers, programmers all working in sync to develop a system/ product which meets market requirements.
Designing for the real physical world has alot more challenges than designing for the virtual world. We cant fix mechanical failure by adding a line of code .
That being said there are good amount of Indian startups who are working on core Engineering innovation and the difficult part. Though they are a miniscule percentage of the majority service focused ones.
核心工程创新，即创造新颖和突破性的复杂工程产品(硬件 + 软件)需要：
Ramakrishnan Parthasarathy Lives in Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
I have worked with quite a few startups in my career. The key things that I’ve observed as a service provider to these guys from the outside-in are:
* The startups that are “young” and “fresh” out of college are inevitably about solving problems in a world where the average person has more interactions with the mobile phone than with people. So, the e-commerce, the food, logistics, edutech and the other service based stuff are theirs for the taking. Some of these guys write software for American companies even during college, so they’re exposed to “big” paychecks even before graduation. And top colleges instill an appetite for risk compared to the tier-2/3 ones because failures wouldn’t necessarily mean loss of careers.
* There are a few super-geniuses that work for deep tech US companies in Bangalore. I’ve seen a couple; one was a guy that didn’t even look you in the eye and he came up with amazing algorithms for noise reduction in video frames/images. The lots that work for US tech companies are far more aware of what they come up with and have a system to classify what they come up with than the standard Indian. And Indian companies have these learn-while-you-work thing like in the US and are top-heavy and sales-dominated. The US could afford this because of the prevalence of mentorship and a mature setup to handle things.
Prashant Singh Passionate about Economics and Politics
It’s not true that we don’t have startups who have actually built a product but yes most entrepreneurs prefer to launch something in e-commerce space because it’s relatively easier to build compared to building a full-fledged ERP software. Most of these startups then fail because business model can be easily replicated by big companies like Amazon, Google, Reliance etc.
并不是说我们没有真正开发过产品的创业公司，但是的，大多数创业者更喜欢在电子商务领域开发一些东西，因为相对于开发一个成熟的 ERP 软件来说，开发这些东西相对容易。这些创业公司之所以失败，是因为商业模式很容易被亚马逊、谷歌、信实等大公司复制。